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Tirupati Temple

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  The domain(world) famous Tirumala Temple is situated in the hill town of Tirumala in Tirupati, Chittoor District. Tirupati is famous for Sri Venkateswara Swamy tabernacle devoted to Lord Venkateswara.  
It is around 600 km (370 mi) from Metropolis, 138 km (86 mi) from Chennai and 291 km (181 mi) from Bangalore.
Tiru means 'Holy' or 'Sacral' and mala substance hills/mountain in Dravidian languages. Thence it translates as Consecrated mountains.
The Tirumala Businessman is 853m above sea stage and is near 10.33 paddle miles (27 km2) in area. It comprises heptad peaks, representing the seven heads of Adisesha, thusly earning the reputation Seshachalam. The heptad peaks are called Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabhadri, Narayanadri, and Venkatadri. The temple is on Venkatadri (also famous as Venkatachala or Venkata Comic), the seventh visor, and is also glorious as the "Tabernacle of Septet Hills". The presiding immortal of the temple is Lord Venkateswara, a configuration of the Hindu god Vishnu. Venkateswara is illustrious by otherwise names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa. The temple lies on the rebel botanist of Sri Swami Pushkarini, a holy liquid tank. The temple colonial comprises a conventional temple construction, with a limit of current
The temple is the richest journey heart, after the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, of any institution (at more than INR 50,000 crore) and the most-visited set of love in the class. The tabernacle is visited by near 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily (30 to 40 million people yearly on reckon), piece on unscheduled occasions and festivals, like the yearbook Brahmotsavam, the name of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it the most-visited blessed residence in the domain(world).
There are various legends associated with the demonstration of the Lord in Tirumala. According to one legend, the tabernacle has a murti (immortal) of Lord Venkateswara, which it is believed shall rest here for the intact duration of the inform Kali Yuga.
Medieval Story ::
Tirumala was under the harness of the Vijayanagara emperors, during which example the tabernacle's(temple's) assets were concentrated. Enthronization ceremonies of the emperors were also held at Tirupati. In 1517 Krishnadevaraya, on one of his numerous visits to the temple, donated gold and jewels. It enabled the Vimana (inward shrine) and the roofing to be plated with golden. The Indian systemic Raghoji Bhonsle set up a ageless incumbency for the lead of worship in the temple. The rulers of Mysore and Gadwal blessed mountainous gifts to the temple.
The Pallavas of Kanchipuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Tanjore (10th century), and Vijayanagara pradhans (14th and 15th centuries) were committed devotees of Lord Venkateswara. During the intrusion of Srirangam by Malik Kafur in 1310-11 AD, the Ranga Mandapam of the temple served as the decrease for the presiding immortal of Srirangam, Ranganatha Swamy. Later, under the pronounce of the Vijayanagara emperors, was when the tabernacle(temple) gained most of its current wealth and filler, with the gift of diamonds and yellow. In 1517 Vijayanagara ruler Sri Avatar(Krishna) Deva Raya, on one of his many visits to the tabernacle, donated gilded and jewels, sanctioning the Vimana (intrinsical inclose) roofing to be specious. Statues of Sri Avatar(Krishna) Deva Raya and his spouse vegetation in the premises of the temple. After the slump of Vijayanagara Corporation, kings from states such as city and Gadwal worshiped as pilgrims and gave ornaments and valuables to the temple. Indian pervading Raghoji I Bhonsle (died 1755) visited the tabernacle and set up a ineradicable tenure for the direct of love in the temple. There is an lead of Aristocrat Todar Mal who was the income pastor of Akbar, farewell pilgrims in the premises of the temple.
Modern Story ::
In 1843, with the upcoming of the Province Office, the brass of the Sri Venkateswara Temple and a assort of shrines was entrusted to Seva Dossji of the Hathiramji Mutt at Tirumala as Vicaranakarta for nearly a century until the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) was foreign as a lead of the TTD Act in 1932. After independence Andhra propose was created on lingual settlings, wherein Tirupati which had and comfort has a figure of Dravidian articulate collection was allotted by Govt. of India, integrating it as tune of Andhra.
TTD is operated by a Surface of Trustees that has increased in situation from figure (1951) to fifteen (1987) through the adoption of Book. The regular noesis and direction of TTD is the sphere of an head mariner who is settled by the government of Andhra Pradesh.
The temple attracts roughly 75,000 pilgrims every day. The reference budget, estimated at Rs 10 billion in 2008, runs charitable trusts whose assets are traced from the budget and donations from the devotees.
Bangaru Vakili ::
From the Tirumamani Mandapam, one can start the Bangaru Vakili (Happy(golden) Corridor in Dravidian(telugu)) to attain the interior sanctum sanctorum. There are two large sepia images of the dwarapalakas Jaya and Vijaya on either choose of the entranceway. The creamy wooden entrance is beaded with gilt plates depiction the dasavataram of Sri Maha Vishnu.
  The entryway is directly in bloodline with the Padi Kavali and the Vendi Vakili(Medallion Corridor in Dravidian). It admits pilgrims to the Snapana Mandapam.
Suprabhatam is voiced in beguiler of this entry.
  Garbha Griha ::  
  The Garbha Griha or holy is where the image of Peerage(Lord) Sri Venkateswara is settled. The principal stands majestically in the Garbha Griha, flat beneath a gilt-dome called the "Ananda Nilaya Divya Vimana".
This principal, titled the Mulaberam, is believed to be self-manifested. As there is no illustrious artist possessing the susceptibility to forge idols of god so proportionately. Boost, no human being is famed to feature installed it in the shrine.
  The simulacrum of the Lord wears a yellowness honour (Kiritam), which has a prominent emerald embedded on its confront. On primary occasions, it is replaced with a infield kiritam. On the lineament of the simulacrum, two clotted patchs of tilak drawn with delicate camphor, almost covers the eyes of the lead. In between the two segregated patches is a Kasturitilakam.  
  Metallic makara kundalas grasp to the ears of the perfection. The touch of its lifted rightish applause is embedded with a gem-set Sudershana Chakra, and the left touch with the Consecrated Cone. The slightly outstretched side proper handbreadth, has its fingers pointing toward the feet, as if Noble is the only resort to his devotees to terminate in him and bask unending elation. The akimbo of the figurehead odd aid implies peerage's assets to devotees, and to direct that the Samsara Sagara (Ocean of Vivification) is never deeper than to hip's peak, if they  
  The body of the Principal is spun with a Gold-stringed-Pitambaram, with a path of golden-bells. The effigy is decorated with artful ornaments. It has a Umbilical Chord liquid fallen, extend from the sect enarthrosis. It bears Goddess Lakshmi on the rightmost chest and Sri Padmavathi Devi on the paw. Nagaabharanam ornaments are on both of the simulacrum's shoulders.The lotus feet are besmeared with yellow frames and decked with clinging golden bobbysock. A brawny snakelike restraint of yellowness encompasses the legs. During Abhishekam, we can individual darshan of Goddess Lakshmi.  
The Ananda Nilaya Divya Vimana was strewn with coat metal plates and covered with a happy(golden) vase, in the thirteenth century, during the dominion of the Vijayanagara singer, Yadava Raya.
Pilgrims are not allowed to start the Garbha Gruha (beyond Kulasekhara padi (track)).
Vimanam ::
The vimanam is a monumental shape with a halcyon roof. Its intrinsical tabernacle or vimanam houses the principal immortal, Lord Sri Venkateswara. The deity stands straight beneath a gilt arena titled the Ananda Nilaya Divya Vimana. This exquisitely wrought god, titled the Mulaberam, is believed to be self-manifested, and no hominine beingness is noted to soul installed it in the inclose. The Baronage wears a gilded spot with a astronomical emerald embedded in the side. On primary occasions, he is bedaubed with a diamond crest. The Noble has a quilted flex tilaka tired on his feature, which screens his eyes. His ears are decorated with happy in a mitt, which is decorated with a gem-set chakra; the unexpended manus contains a Shankha (conch bombard). The fore correct accumulation has its fingers pointing to his feet. His forward tract paw is akimbo. His body is clad with yellowness vesture fastened with golden arrange and a metallic track with yellow bells. He has a yajnopavita (sacred yarn) running imbibe thwartwise from his unexpended margin. He bears Sri Lakshmi Devi on his modify chest and Sri Padmavathi Devi on his snaky golden constraint encompasses his legs. The Ananda Nilaya Divya Vimana was awninged with gilt metal plates and surmounted with a metallic vase in the 13th century, during the dominion of the Vijayanagara magnate Yadava Raya.The ancient and sanctified tabernacle of Sri Venkateswara is settled on the seventh place, Venkatachala (Venkata Comic) of the Tirupati Construction, and lies on the meridional banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini.
It is by the Lord's office over Venkatachala, that He has received the designation, Venkateswara (Lord of the Venkata Hill). He is also titled the Baronage of the Cardinal Hills.
The temple of Sri Venkateswara has acquired unequalled sanctity in Soldier religious lore. The Sastras, Puranas, Sthala Mahatyams and Alwar hymns unequivocally declare that, in the Kali Yuga, one can find mukti, exclusive by attend Venkata Nayaka or Sri Venkateswara.
The benefits acquired by a piligrimage to Venkatachala are mentioned in the Rig Veda and Asthadasa Puranas. In these epics, Sri Venkateswara is described as the eager bestower of boons. There are individual legends associated with the reflexion of the Baronage(Lord) at Tirumala.
The temple has its origins in Vaisnavism, an ancient camp which advocates the principles of equivalence and bed, and prohibits animal relinquish.

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